The day of the forensic service in Russia
To understand the motives of the crime, to determine the identity of the offender and to find proof of his guilt – an incredibly difficult task, which will not afford an inexperienced person. Criminal elements, not necessarily stupid and narrow-minded person with criminal tendencies. Often, they are educated, intelligent people with excellent manners and intelligent appearance. To "compute" criminal and reinforce his guilt evidence, need criminologists.
It is considered that the forensics over 120 years. Its founders include Alphonse Bertillon, who served as assistant clerk of the police Prefecture of Paris, who has developed a method anthropometric registration of criminals and introduced him to the work of the police. He also laid the foundations for the creation of a verbal portrait. English official William Herschel and the English traveler and scientist Francis Galton became the founders of fingerprinting.
Russian forensic science associated with the names of famous scientists. Its development had a hand talented surgeon N. And. Pies, forensic medic N. Goldfinches involved gunshot wounds and famous scientists chemists D. I. Mendeleev and I. I. Zinin.
In Russia the study of forensic medicine at Controlsince the Russian Federation began work on March 1, 1919.
Initially, the activities of the office for examination were invited specialists from outside. They conducted the analysis on specific criminal cases, most of these were studies of documents and various substances. Working material of the criminalist, then and now, are the physical evidence found at the crime scene. These include fingerprints, hair, footprints shoes and other items. The most insignificant, at first glance, the item can become the thread that helped to solve the crime.
During the period of its existence, the forensic experts have made an invaluable contribution to the maintenance of order and the strengthening of legality. Today, its members are experts in the 30 branches of science.