International day in support of victims of crime
on 22 February 1990, the government of England has published "the Charter for victims of crime. Since all democratic and civilized world began on this day to support victims of crime.
Annually in Russia, victims of crimes are more than two million people. If we consider the statistics of hidden crimes, actually suffered a much larger number of people. Therefore, under these conditions, the significance of the activities aimed at protecting the rights of victims of criminal attacks and terrorist acts, providing financial, legal, socio-psychological, medical, moral and other support. In this regard, every year on 22 February in Russia are public actions in defense of human rights.
In the late twentieth century, the international community began to worry about the problem of social rehabilitation of victims of crimes. The seventh United Nations Congress in 1985 adopted the Universal Declaration of basic principles of justice for victims of crime and abuse of power. For the first time in November, 1985 Assembly of the UN adopted the Declaration, securing it universal principles for the protection of victims of crime and abuse of power.
In a number of countries currently developed and adopted laws aimed at the protection of citizens who suffered from criminal encroachments, their social rehabilitation, as well as compensation for moral and material damage. In total, worldwide there are about two hundred and assistance programs for victims of criminal acts – from assisting victims of sexual violence and ending with the work of municipal services, are obligated to clean up the crime scenes, continue to free repair doors in the Commission of burglary.
Such programs are really needed by the people, help them faster and easier to cope with stress, to avoid crisis, to receive moral and material support.