Military intelligence day
Order of the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation made November 5 holiday military intelligence. The profession of intelligence, undoubtedly, is one of the oldest. Exploration has always been and remains a critical tool for ensuring the security of the state, from the times of Kievan Rus. In those distant times to the data collection involved messengers, ambassadors, merchants, military units and local residents. Much later, in 1654, during the reign of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, was formed the Order of secret Affairs, which became the prototype of the intelligence Department. In 1716, our great reformer Peter summed up the legal and legislative basis for the work of the scouts.
During the reign of Alexander I in January 1810, at the suggestion of Barclay de Tolly, an outstanding military leader and political figure, was founded Expedition secret Affairs, conducting its activities in the war Ministry. She later became a Special office. In the interests of the office was part of the most important tasks: strategic intelligence, counterintelligence and operational and tactical reconnaissance.
The invaluable role of scouts, carrying their hard work during the great Patriotic war. About ten thousand scouts was abandoned in the rear of the enemy at the beginning of the war, their efforts were created guerrilla groups.
During this period, a system was developed to guide the exploration, allowing effectively to organize its work. The data produced by the military intelligence played a crucial role in decision making ensuring the security of the country. Counterintelligence has been leading the fight to exploration of other States. Thanks to tactical intelligence identifies data about the plans and capabilities of the enemy, its vulnerabilities, and the location, which greatly simplifies decision making in commissioning and planning of military operations. Strategic intelligence produces vulnerability information, plans and capabilities of foreign countries.
Today GRU is the most important tool for strengthening the state. Its structure consists of: intelligence, strategic, illegal, economic, technical, military (GRU) and even space. Exploration is the eyes and ears of the military and the primary means of obtaining intelligence data.